An Overview of UPVC Pipe
UPVC pipes full form is Unplasticized Polyvinyl Chloride. It denotes that the material used in these pipes is not plasticized, which means that no plasticizers have been added to make it flexible. PVC resin is mixed with various chemicals to make a strong and durable material for UPVC pipes.
Because of its exceptional qualities, UPVC pipes are widely employed in a variety of applications. These pipes are made of a heat-resistant plastic that is extremely durable and resistant to chemical deterioration. Plumbing, drainage, and irrigation are just a few of the applications for UPVC pipe. UPVC pipe is a non-toxic material that resists corrosion, chemicals, and weathering.
UPVC Pipe Types
These Pressure pipes are made to transport fluids under pressure. They have applications in water delivery, irrigation, and industrial operations.
These non-pressure pipes are utilized in drainage, sewerage, and ventilation systems. They are not intended to handle fluids under pressure.
UPVC pipe standards
IS 4985:2000 (Indian Standard): This is the standard set by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) for UPVC pipes for potable water supplies. It specifies the requirements for these pipes used in water supply systems.
ASTM D1785 (American Standard): This standard, published by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), outlines the specifications for these pipes and fittings used for pressure applications.
ISO 4422-2:1996 (International Standard): This standard, published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), provides specifications for these pipes and fittings for water supply systems.
BS EN 1452-2:2010 (British Standard): This standard, published by the British Standards Institution (BSI), specifies the requirements for these pipes and fittings for pressure applications.
AS/NZS 1477:2006 (Australian/New Zealand Standard): This standard, published jointly by the Australian and New Zealand Standards organizations, provides specifications for these pipes and fittings for pressure applications.
DIN 8062:2009 (German Standard): This standard, published by the Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN), outlines the requirements for these pipes used for water supply and drainage.
When selecting UPVC pipes, it’s important to check if they meet the relevant national or international standards based on your specific application. Adherence to these standards ensures that the pipes have undergone rigorous testing and meet established quality, safety, and performance criteria.
UPVC pipe applications
Residential plumbing: UPVC pipe is commonly used in residential plumbing systems for both hot and cold water supply, as well as for drainage and sewer systems. For example, UPVC pipe can be used to connect the water main to the house, to connect the faucets and fixtures in the kitchen and bathroom, and to drain wastewater away from the house.
Commercial plumbing: UPVC pipe is also used in commercial plumbing applications, such as in office buildings, restaurants, and hospitals. For example, UPVC pipe can be used to supply water to fire sprinkler systems, to drain rainwater from roofs, and to transport wastewater from toilets and sinks.
Irrigation: UPVC pipe is widely used in irrigation systems to distribute water to plants and crops. For example, UPVC pipe can be used to connect the water main to the irrigation system, to distribute water to different parts of the field, and to deliver water directly to the roots of plants.
Electrical conduit: UPVC pipe can also be used as electrical conduit to protect electrical wires from damage. For example, UPVC pipe can be used to run electrical wires through walls and ceilings, to protect wires from the elements outdoors, and to bury wires underground.
Chemical processing: UPVC pipe is resistant to many chemicals, making it ideal for use in chemical processing applications. For example, UPVC pipe can be used to transport corrosive chemicals, to transport chemicals at high temperatures, and to transport chemicals under pressure.
Food and beverage processing: UPVC pipe is also used in food and beverage processing applications because it is non-toxic and easy to clean. For example, UPVC pipe can be used to transport milk, juice, and other beverages, to transport food products, and to transport cleaning chemicals.
Why we have to use UPVC Pipes over material pipes
- Cost: UPVC pipes tend to be more cost-effective compared to materials like metal or concrete. They are generally less expensive to manufacture and transport.
- Weight: UPVC pipes are significantly lighter than metal or concrete pipes. This makes them easier to handle during transportation and installation.
- Corrosion Resistance: UPVC pipes do not corrode, which is a common issue with metal pipes. This property ensures a longer lifespan and lower maintenance costs.
- Ease of Transport and Installation: Due to their lighter weight, UPVC pipes are easier to transport and install compared to heavier materials like concrete.
- Chemical Resistance: UPVC pipes are highly resistant to various chemicals. This makes them suitable for applications where they may come into contact with different substances.
- Insulation Properties: UPVC pipes have better insulation properties compared to metal pipes. This means they are less likely to conduct heat, which can be advantageous in certain applications.
- Temperature Tolerance: It’s important to note that UPVC pipes have a lower temperature tolerance compared to materials like CPVC (Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride). This means they may not be suitable for applications involving very hot water.
- Environmental Impact: UPVC pipes have a relatively low environmental impact. They are recyclable and have a lower production footprint compared to some other materials.
Advantages of UPVC pipe
Durability: UPVC pipes are very durable and can withstand a wide range of conditions, including high and low temperatures, pressure, and chemicals.
Corrosion resistance: UPVC pipes are resistant to corrosion from both internal and external sources, making them ideal for use in both cold and hot water systems.
Chemical resistance: UPVC pipes are resistant to many chemicals, making them ideal for use in industrial and commercial applications.
Lightweight: UPVC pipes are lightweight, making them easy to transport and install.
Easy to install: UPVC pipes are easy to install using a variety of methods, including solvent welding, threaded connections, and mechanical connections.
Affordable: UPVC pipes are a relatively affordable material, making them a cost-effective choice for many applications.
Smooth inner surface: UPVC pipes have a smooth inner surface, which reduces friction and improves flow rates.
Non-toxic: UPVC pipes are non-toxic and safe for use in drinking water systems.
Recyclable: UPVC pipes are recyclable, making them an environmentally friendly choice.
Long lifespan: UPVC pipes have a long lifespan of up to 50 years, making them a cost-effective investment in the long run.
Low maintenance: UPVC pipes require very little maintenance, saving you time and money.
Noise reduction: UPVC pipes are good at reducing noise, making them ideal for use in homes and offices.
Which is superior PVC or UPVC pipe
In general, UPVC pipe is superior to PVC pipe because it is more robust, chemical resistant, and less likely to leach dangerous substances into the water. However, PVC pipe is less expensive than UPVC pipe.
The appropriate pipe for a specific application will be determined by the application’s specific requirements. For example, if the pipe will be utilised to transport drinking water, UPVC pipe is the superior option. However, if the pipe will be used to transport non-potable water or drainage, PVC pipe may be a more cost-effective solution.
Differences between PVC and UPVC pipe
Flexibility: PVC pipe is more flexible than UPVC pipe due to the presence of plasticizers. Because it has no plasticizers, UPVC pipe is more stiff.
Durability: UPVC pipe is more durable than PVC pipe because it is more resistant to impact, abrasion, and weathering.
Chemical resistance: UPVC pipe is more chemical resistant than PVC pipe. This makes it a better alternative for conveying corrosive fluids.
Leaching: PVC pipe can leach toxic compounds into the water, such as bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates. UPVC pipe is less likely to leech dangerous compounds into the water.
UPVC pipe costs vary in India depending on the pipe’s size, brand, and quality. A general rule of thumb, nevertheless, is that UPVC pipe costs more than PVC pipe.
UPVC pipe per meter in India
- UPVC pipe, 1/2 inch: INR 60-100 per meter
- UPVC pipe 1 inch: 80–120 INR per meter
- UPVC pipe, 2 inches: INR 150-200 per meter
- UPVC pipe, 3 inches: 250–300 rupees per meter
- 350–400 INR per meter for 4 inch UPVC pipe
UPVC pipe hsn code
The UPVC pipe HSN code is 39172390. This code applies to all additional UPVC pipe types, fittings, and accessories that are neither specified nor covered elsewhere
For customs purposes, merchandise is categorized using HSN codes. They are six-digit codes that can be used to identify products and figure out the levies and tariffs that are relevant.
It’s crucial to utilize the proper HSN code when importing or exporting UPVC pipe. At customs, using the wrong HSN code might cause delays and fines.
FAQs about UPVC Pipes
- Are UPVC pipes suitable for underground applications?
Yes, UPVC pipes are commonly used for underground applications such as sewerage systems and water pipelines.
- Can UPVC pipes be used for hot water systems?
UPVC pipes are not recommended for hot water systems as they have a lower temperature tolerance compared to materials like CPVC.
- What is the life expectancy of UPVC pipes?
With proper installation and maintenance, UPVC pipes can last up to 50 years or more.
- Can UPVC pipes be recycled?
Yes, UPVC pipes are recyclable, contributing to their sustainability.
- Are there any disadvantages of using UPVC pipes?
One potential drawback is their limited temperature tolerance, making them unsuitable for high-temperature applications.